8.5 - The conditional
Once you are familiar with the past imperfective and perfective, the conditional is very easy to understand. As its name suggests, this form of the verb expresses what would happen if (on condition that) something else happened.
Look at the following Ukrainian sentences:
|Іван зробив завдання.||Ivan did his homework.|
|Іван би зробив завдання, якби мав час.||Ivan would do his homework if he had the time.|
By adding the particle би (or б) to a sentence, we express the conditional (mood), i.e. the "would" form. "If" is expressed by якби (also якщо б, коли б).